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The Florentine

Dec 3rd, 2012

The Florentine

The Florentine Diamond is a lost diamond of Indian origin.

It is light yellow in colour with very slight green overtones. It is cut in the form of an irregular (although very intricate) nine-sided 126 facet double rose cut, with a weight of 137.27 carat. The stone is also known as the Tuscan, the Tuscany Diamond, the Grand Duke of Tuscany, the Austrian Diamond and the Austrian Yellow Diamond.

Documented history begins when Jean Baptiste Tavernier, the French jeweller and traveller, saw the stone among the possessions of Ferdinando II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1657. It then passed into the hands of the Habsburgs when the last of the Medicis died through the marriage of Francis III Stephan of Lorraine to Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and was placed in the Habsburg Crown Jewels in the Hofburg in Vienna. At the time, it was valued at $750,000.

After the fall of the Austrian Empire during World War I, the stone was taken by the Imperial Family into exile in Switzerland. The stone was stolen some time after 1918 by a person close to the family and taken to South America with other gems of the Crown Jewels.
It is rumored that the diamond was brought into the United States in the 1920’s and was re-cut and sold.Sources:
Wikipedia
Famous Diamonds by Ian Balfour

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